KRISHI SWARAJ is a non-prescriptive open-ended process for capturing the Diverse viewpoints and paradoxical position in Ecological Services (Water, Agriculture, Energy, Climate) and Rural Development with an aim at mainstreaming marginal voice in pursuit of an evolved form of Sustainable Ecological services (Agriculture, Water, Energy, Climate) for progressive development and economically strengthen to rural economy of INDIA.


Brief About SADED : South Asian Dialogues on Ecological Democracy (SADED) was born in 2002, out of work undertaken cooperatively by Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam, Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), and Lokayan in India; Kepa and Siemenpuu Foundation in Finland. However, the practical work of SADED is the outcome of an even wider collaborative and creative involvement by many individuals and organisations forming a network or web of efforts, which does not have one epicenter.

The concept of ‘Ecological Democracy’ (ED) is central to the work undertaken in the SADED framework. All the dimensions of life, also of democracy within them, are inter-linked and so focusing on any one leads to the others. Since the ecological crisis is a special one for our times, and yet is inadequately recognised, SADED envisages strengthening the idea of comprehensive democracy through ‘Ecological Democracy’. The notion of ‘Ecological Democracy’ incorporates a Democratic Relationship between Human beings and Nature, as well as an Equitable distribution of Nature’s Resources among human beings within a nation and between nations. We interchangeably use ‘Ecological Swaraaj’ with ED, but actually view it as a deeper concept that incorporates a belief in the oceanic concentric circles of life symbolising just, symbiotic and sustainable relationships in all dimensions of life  that are ever widening, encompassing the entire world as a family (pdf) .

अयं निजः परोवेति गणना लघुचेतसाम् । उदारचरितानां वसुधैव कुटुम्बकम् ॥. World As A Family

“Krishi Swaraj” is a term that is closely associated with the movement for agricultural sovereignty and sustainable farming practices. It advocates for a shift away from conventional and industrialized agriculture towards more localized and ecologically sound farming methods. The movement aims to empower farmers, enhance food security, and promote environmental sustainability.

Key aspects of the Krishi Swaraj in India include:

Seed Sovereignty: The movement emphasizes the importance of preserving traditional seed varieties and promoting farmer-controlled seed systems. It opposes the dominance of genetically modified (GM) seeds and the corporate control of seed production.

Agroecology: Krishi Swaraj promotes agroecological farming practices, which involve using natural and ecological processes to cultivate crops. This approach minimizes the use of synthetic chemicals and focuses on maintaining soil health, conserving water, and preserving biodiversity.

Farmers’ Rights: The movement advocates for the rights of farmers, particularly small-scale and marginalized farmers. It calls for fair pricing, access to markets, and policies that support the economic well-being of farmers.

Sustainable Farming Practices: Krishi Swaraj encourages the adoption of sustainable farming techniques, such as organic farming, crop rotation, mixed cropping, and integrated pest management. These practices reduce the environmental impact of agriculture and promote long-term soil fertility.

Local Food Systems: The movement supports the development of local food systems that prioritize food sovereignty, where communities have control over their own food production and consumption. This includes promoting traditional diets and locally adapted crops.

Community Engagement: Krishi Swaraj emphasizes community participation and knowledge-sharing among farmers. It encourages the exchange of indigenous knowledge and practices to improve farming methods.

Policy Advocacy: The movement engages in advocacy efforts to influence agricultural policies at the national and regional levels. This includes pushing for policies that support sustainable agriculture, protect farmers’ rights, and promote agroecological practices.

Krishi Swaraj aligns with the broader global movement for food sovereignty, which seeks to create a more equitable and sustainable food system that benefits both farmers and consumers. It aims to address the challenges posed by industrial agriculture, such as environmental degradation, loss of biodiversity, and rural livelihood crises.



Shri Vikas Arora

Centre For Sustainable Agriculture: KRISHI SWARAJ @Innovedica

A 10, Lajpat Nagar-4, New Delhi-110024

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